1-12: The NET Bible does a literal translation of the Greek word “glossa,” which is often translated “tongues” in accordance with the old KJV. The word literally means “language” or “dialect.” Here the Spirit supernaturally empowers the disciples to speak in languages that they don’t know, all for the purpose of spreading the message of the gospel! If this is taken as a guide for the other times the word in used in the New Testament, it may change our understanding, and lead to an even greater awe. It is truly a work of the Spirit if someone speaks in a language that they don’t know, all for the purpose of communicating God’s truth.
13-21: People think that the disciples are drunk! Peter points to Joel 2:28-32 to describe what is happening, and it raises some questions. Peter identifies what is happening as the “last days.” Did the last days start at Pentecost? Are we still in the last days? Or is what is happening a “type” of the last days, similar to when John the Baptist is identified as the Elijah who is to come for those who will believe (Matthew 11:14)? Since Acts 2:19-20 didn’t happen at the time, it seems that this may be a foreshadowing of what is to come. Or perhaps we have entered the “last days,” with a “latter days” still to come.
22-28: Peter tells the crowd that they should have treated Jesus better, since his life and ministry showed that He came from God. However, what they did to Him was not a surprise. It was all predicted, from the crucifixion to the resurrection, and Peter points to Psalm 16:8-11 as proof.
Everything we read today should remind us of the sovereignty of God. We are chosen “in Christ before the foundation of the world” (Ephesians 1:4). It was His plan, and He reveals it to us though His Spirit!
John 16:7-11 “But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I am going away. For if I do not go away, the Advocate will not come to you, but if I go, I will send him to you. And when he comes, he will prove the world wrong concerning sin and righteousness and judgment—concerning sin, because they do not believe in me; concerning righteousness, because I am going to the Father and you will see me no longer; and concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world has been condemned.”