Pilate seems passive-aggressive with the Jewish leadership (16-22)! Is he just trying to stir them up and get back at them for putting him in an uncomfortable position? Or is there more to it than that?
The soldiers fulfill scripture by throwing dice for Jesus’ garment (23-24). There is a lot of fulfilled Scripture in these verses!
Psalm 22:15-18 “The roof of my mouth is as dry as a piece of pottery; my tongue sticks to my gums. You set me in the dust of death. Yes, wild dogs surround me— a gang of evil men crowd around me; like a lion they pin my hands and feet. I can count all my bones; my enemies are gloating over me in triumph. They are dividing up my clothes among themselves; they are rolling dice for my garments.”
Psalm 69:21 “They put bitter poison into my food, and to quench my thirst they give me vinegar to drink.”
Psalm 34:20 “He protects all his bones; not one of them is broken.”
Zechariah 12:10 “I will pour out on the kingship of David and the population of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication so that they will look to me, the one they have pierced. They will lament for him as one laments for an only son, and there will be a bitter cry for him like the bitter cry for a firstborn.“
Isaiah 53:9 “They intended to bury him with criminals, but he ended up in a rich man’s tomb, because he had committed no violent deeds, nor had he spoken deceitfully.”
And, when considering John 19:30, perhaps even:
Psalm 22:31 “They will come and tell about his saving deeds; they will tell a future generation what he has accomplished.“
It sometimes seems that Jesus was somewhat harsh to His mother, but here we see His care (25-27). He was making sure that she was taken care of since He wasn’t going to be around to do it. Jesus’ prior words should be understood from the context of His ongoing honor of her.
Jesus’ mission is finally completed (28-30). It is finished! It is accomplished! He has secured our salvation, and can return to glory!
Jesus willingly gave up His spirit (30). He was already dead when the soldiers came around (31-37). The spear thrust into His side was probably included by John to show that He was indeed fully human, as well as fully divine. He deals with this in another writing as well:
2 John 7 “For many deceivers have gone out into the world, people who do not confess Jesus as Christ coming in the flesh. This person is the deceiver and the antichrist!”
Joseph and Nicodemus both come to take care of Jesus’ body (38-42). Something significant enough had happened that they decide not to be “secret” disciples anymore. Are you hiding your faith? What will it take so that you show your allegiance to Him?