Luke 24:36-43 may seem a little strange, but the emphasis is on a literal, physical resurrection. Luke probably includes this because of ideas going around that Jesus either didn’t really die on the cross or that He didn’t really come in the flesh (which is refuted in 1 John). Jesus then goes on to emphasize that He is the fulfillment of prophetic teaching, and that the gospel will be proclaimed to all people as was foretold (44-49):
Isaiah 60:1-3 “Arise! Shine! For your light arrives! The splendor of the LORD shines on you! For, look, darkness covers the earth and deep darkness covers the nations, but the LORD shines on you; his splendor appears over you. Nations come to your light, kings to your bright light.”
Micah 4:1-2 “And in future days the LORD’s Temple Mount will be the most important mountain of all; it will be more prominent than other hills. People will stream to it. Many nations will come, saying, “Come on! Let’s go up to the LORD’s mountain, to the temple of Jacob’s God, so he can teach us his ways and we can live by his laws.” For instruction will proceed from Zion, the LORD’s message from Jerusalem.”
Luke’s gospel concludes with Jesus’ reminder for them to wait for the Spirit in Jerusalem (49), which foreshadows the continuation of the story in the book of Acts. Jesus then ascends from their sight, and the disciples go to Jerusalem to wait for the promise (50-52).
Did you catch the note of worship and praise? “They worshiped Him and returned to Jerusalem with great joy!” Knowing what we know, having believed in Jesus Christ, and having experienced the Spirit for ourselves, do we have that same joy?